Experimental Analysis of Root Causes for Rotor-Speed-Dependent Emissions from Type 3 Wind Turbines
Multi-frequency (or harmonic) emissions and interactions are ongoing challenges for converter-dominated power systems. Consequently, multi-frequency models are introduced for power quality and harmonic stability studies. Rotor-Speed-Dependent (RSD) emissions from Type 3 Wind Turbines (WT) can lead to unexpected interactions. However, there are only a few specific studies on Type 3 WTs' emissions. Besides, the provided analyses have been only based on field measurements. In this paper, the uncertainties of the field measurements are demonstrated experimentally. This paper provides an experimental analysis of emissions in different parts of a Type 3 WT, including stator, rotor, grid-side converter, and DC-link. In this way, theoretical emission patterns are formulated in sequence domain and verified by experimental measurements from a 2.2 MVA Type 3 WT tested by a 15 MVA grid emulator. The tests include emission measurements in different rotor speeds with identical output power set-point. To the best of our knowledge, the provided experiments are unique presentations from different parts of a Type 3 WT using MVA-scale torque and grid emulators. The test results provide a good impression of the existence, patterns, and amplitudes of the RSD emissions. Addressing such emissions in multi-frequency models can be necessary for the improvement of harmonic studies.