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251295

Research outputs

As an application-oriented research organisation, Fraunhofer aims to conduct highly innovative and solution-oriented research - for the benefit of society and to strengthen the German and European economy.

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Projects

Fraunhofer is tackling the current challenges facing industry head on. By pooling their expertise and involving industrial partners at an early stage, the Fraunhofer Institutes involved in the projects aim to turn original scientific ideas into marketable products as quickly as possible.

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Researchers

Scientific achievement and practical relevance are not opposites - at Fraunhofer they are mutually dependent. Thanks to the close organisational links between Fraunhofer Institutes and universities, science at Fraunhofer is conducted at an internationally first-class level.

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Institutes

The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft is the leading organisation for applied research in Europe. Institutes and research facilities work under its umbrella at various locations throughout Germany.

Recent Additions

  • Publication
    AI in Collaborative Robotics
    ( 2021)
    Nicksch, Christoph
    ;
    ;
    Ma, Guocal
    ;
    Li, Fei
    ;
    Cao, Zhihong
    ;
    Cal, Zhujuan
    ;
    ; ;
    In the era of Industry 4.0, collaborative robots are one of the main pillars enabling flexible automation. In particular, multi-robot systems offer a lot of potential to the automation of assembly tasks due to increased flexibility and faster cycle times. However, because the robots have to be precisely synchronized with each other, the setup and maintenance efforts of such multi-robot systems are very high. In addition, necessary temporal and spatial safety margins negatively impact system efficiency. In this work, we present a deep reinforcement learning based multi-agent system for collision-free, minimum-time trajectory planning for multi-robot systems. We show that using the proposed system and control architecture and learning environments, we can successfully train deep reinforcement learning agents in simulation, which we validate on a dual-robot pick-and-place task.
  • Publication
    Residual stress assessment during cutting tool lifetime of CVD-diamond coated indexable inserts
    ( 2022)
    Uhlmann, E.
    ;
    Hinzmann, Daniel
    Insufficient coating adhesion limits reproducibility regarding tool lifetime as well as workpiece quality during the application of CVD-diamond coated cutting tools. Depending on the combination of tungsten carbide substrate material, coating thickness as well as coating morphology, individual residual stress conditions exist within CVD-diamond coated cutting tool specifications. The application of these tools is accompanied by coating delamination as primary cutting tool failure. The tool lifetime of the respective cutting tool composition depends on the corresponding residual stress condition until crack development within the CVD-diamond coating initiates tool failure. During external cylindrical turning of hypereutectic aluminium silicon alloy AlSi17Cu4Mg-T6 the residual stress condition of a CVD-diamond coated cutting tool is assessed along the cutting edge, the rake face as well as flank face throughout the respective tool lifetime. Consequently, the progression of the residual stress condition until cutting tool failure regarding coating delamination is observed. During the tool lifetime of the investigated CVD-diamond cutting tools, compressive residual stress ∆σR,c shifts to tensile residual stress ∆σR,t underneath the cutting edge corner. The approximated residual stress difference of ∆σR ≈ 5 GPa indicates stress peak relaxation processes, such as crack initiation, within the CVD-diamond coating.
  • Publication
    Influence of superimposed low frequency oscillations on single-pass honing of long-chipping steel
    ( 2022)
    Uhlmann, E.
    ;
    Rozek, André
    Single-pass honing is used as a finishing process to meet high demands regarding form and dimensional accuracy of drilled bores. The disadvantages of single-pass honing compared to the conventional long-stroke honing are high process forces and torques as well as an increased risk of chip space clogging of the abrasive stones. A significant reduction in process forces and torques can be achieved by superimposing the axial movement with oscillations. In this work the kinematic basics of different oscillation parameters and their effects on single-pass honing of long-chipping steel are analyzed. It can be concluded that by superimposing low frequency oscillations in single-pass honing, the process forces and torques as well as the specific energy consumption can be reduced significantly without a decline in surface quality and form accuracy.

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