Paper (Preprint, Research Paper, Review Paper, White Paper, etc.)
Where to charge electric trucks in Europe - Modelling a charging infrastructure network
Paper presented at 35th International Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition (EVS35), Oslo, Norway, June 11-15, 2022
Heavy-duty trucks account for 27% of the European greenhouse gas emissions in the transport sector. To decarbonize road freight transport, the European Union plans to build a fast charging network for trucks. This paper presents two scenarios, covering European highways with charging stations every 50 or 100 kilometers. For each location, the required number of charging points at 15% battery electric trucking is calculated individually. A third scenario takes into account the infrastructure ramp-up in 2025 and assumes a share of 5% battery electric trucking in a network with 100 kilometers distance. We define a network of 660 (100 kilometers distance) or 1,468 stations (50 kilometers distance). Depending on the scenario and the individual station, the number of charging points per station varies between 1 and 18 in 2030. The results help to design future charging infrastructure for electric road freight transport.