18 July 2022
Extended reality applied for production line industrialization
How to benefit from extended reality in production?
With the increasing availability of powerful smart devices, new optimization potential has increased in industrial production in recent years. Modern smart devices have high computing capacities in a small form factor and are equipped with an ever-increasing number of sensors that enable them to interact increasingly with the actual world. Nowadays, commercially available smartphones or tablets can be used for a variety of application scenarios, including in industrial production. One of these application scenarios is the usage of Extended Reality in production which offers significant potential to optimize existing processes and reduce many different types of costs. The term Extended Reality summarizes the three terms Augmented (AR), Mixed (MR) and Virtual Reality (VR) and is abbreviated with XR in the report at hand. The three terms AR, MR and VR can also be summarized under the term “Immersive Technologies”. Although the usage of XR in production offers an enormous potential for optimization, it is currently not yet widely used in industry. The adoption of the technology is hampered by its complexity, unclear benefits that can be achieved and a lack of knowledge on possible use. Furthermore, companies are lacking a clear process that specifies how to create and implement XR applications in production. The motivation to conduct a research study in the scope of the ICNAP can be derived from the described circumstances: While the potential which the adoption of XR in production offers is known in the scientifi c community, adoption in industry is hampered by a variety of constraints that need to be overcome to realize the technology’s true potential. Therefore, a study was conducted in ICNAP with the aim of creating a guidebook for the use of XR in production. Over the course of the study, a five-step roadmap was structured to offer the guidebook and lead users through the entire process of implementing XR in production. The guidebook provides theoretical knowledge about Extended Reality as well as best practices and use cases to address a broad audience of interested ICNAP community members answering the research question “How to benefi t from Extended Reality in production?” The following chapters are structed as follows: First, a brief introduction to provide fundamental knowledge on the matter. Second, the roadmap derived in the study is presented. The following chapters are structured according to the roadmap's structure and briefly describe each phase of the roadmap. Finally, a conclusion is given with a summary of the conducted study and a discussion of possible next steps to be taken.