29 April 2022
Investigations on alkali-silica reaction products using Raman spectroscopy
The alkali-silica reaction (ASR) remains a major challenge regarding the durability of concrete structures. The reaction mechanism is not sufficiently understood owing to the difficulty in characterizing the structure of the alkali-silica reaction gel (ASR gel) in concrete. Synthetic ASR gels with different compositions, i.e. Na/Si and Ca/Si molar ratios, were synthesized and analysed by Raman spectroscopy and, for comparison, 29Si NMR spectroscopy. The results show that higher Na/Si ratios increase the number of non-bridging oxygens in the gel structure, thus leading to a decrease in the degree of cross-linking. With increasing calcium content of the sodium-calcium silica gel, the structure tends towards that of C-S-H phases. Raman spectroscopy is a promising method to characterise synthetic ASR gels and provide new information on the effect of alkalis on the gel structure.
Einfluss der chemischen Umgebung auf die Zusammensetzung, Struktur und das Quellverhalten von AK-Gelen