Optically pumped magnetometer measuring fatigue-induced damage in steel
Uniaxial fatigue testing of micro-mechanical metallic specimens can provide valuable insight into damage formation. Magnetic and piezomagnetic testing are commonly used for qualitative characterization of damage in ferromagnetic specimens. Sensitive and accurate measurements with magnetic sensors is a key part of such a characterization. This work presents an experimental setup to induce structural defects in a micro-mechanical fatigue test. Simultaneously, the resulting piezomagnetic signals are measured during the complete lifetime of the tested specimen. The key component is a highly sensitive optically pumped magnetometer (OPM) used to measure the piezomagnetic hysteresis of a small specimen whose structural defects can be analyzed on a small scale by other metallographic characterization methods as well. This setup aims to quantify the magnetic signatures of damage during the fatigue process, which could enable non-destructive mechanical testing of materials. This paper reports the initial results obtained from this novel micro-magneto-mechanical test setup for a ferritic steel specimen.
Koss, Peter A.
Pawar, Omkar Satish
Ministerium für Wirtschaft, Arbeit und Wohnungsbau Baden-Württemberg WM BW