Style-transfer GANs for Bridging the Domain Gap in Synthetic Pose Estimator Training
Given the dependency of current CNN architectures on a large training set, the possibility of using synthetic data is alluring as it allows generating a virtually infinite amount of labeled training data. However, producing such data is a nontrivial task as current CNN architectures are sensitive to the domain gap between real and synthetic data. We propose to adopt general-purpose GAN models for pixellevel image translation, allowing to formulate the domain gap itself as a learning problem. The obtained models are then used either during training or inference to bridge the domain gap. Here, we focus on training the single-stage YOLO6D  object pose estimator on synthetic CAD geometry only, where not even approximate surface information is available. When employing paired GAN models, we use an edge-based intermediate domain and introduce different mappings to represent the unknown surface properties. Our evaluation shows a considerable improvement in model performance when compared to a model trained with the same degree of domain randomization, while requiring only very little additional effort.