Tool wear prevention in ultra-precision polymer machining
Polymers become more relevant in the field of optical components as their optical properties, like refractive index n and wavelength dependent dispersion n = f(Î»), can be adjusted easily by additives. Due to their low density Ï polymeric optics are lightweight compared to glasses. The demand for ultra-precision machined polymer lenses is increasing. Small series and individualised components can only be produced economically by using ultra-precision machining. Within theses studies the influence of different measures to reduce diamond tool wear occurring during ultra-precision diamond face turning of polycarbonate (PC) and polysulfone (PSU) will be investigated. Continuous and interrupted face turning experiments are conducted to analyse the effects from separation of the diamond tool and workpiece. Results show increasing tool wear in interrupted cutting. Changes of the environmental conditions in the cutting process show an influence of increasing humidity H on diam ond tool wear. This contribution gives a qualitative and quantitative overview on the influencing factors on diamond tool wear in ultra-precision turning of polymers and gives an outlook on strategies to avoid its occurrence.