A crowdsourced experiment for tempo estimation of electronic dance music
Relative to other datasets, state-of-the-art tempo estimation algorithms perform poorly on the GiantSteps Tempo dataset for electronic dance music (EDM). In order to investigate why, we conducted a large-scale, crowdsourced experiment involving 266 participants from two distinct groups. The quality of the collected data was evaluated with regard to the participants' input devices and background. In the data itself we observed significant tempo ambiguities, which we attribute to annotator subjectivity and tempo instability. As a further contribution, we then constructed new annotations consisting of tempo distributions for each track. Using these annotations, we reevaluated two recent state-of-the-art tempo estimation systems achieving significantly improved results. The main conclusions of this investigation are that current tempo estimation systems perform better than previously thought and that evaluation quality needs to be improved. The new crowdsourced annotations will be released for evaluation purposes.