C-ITS Pilot in Dresden - Designing a Modular C-ITS Architecture
Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS) have seen increased interest in recent years, with several ongoing activities and first practical implementations. While clearly V2X-communication will play a significant role in all C-ITS deployments, several key components, such as the wireless communication technology and the message formats, are still evolving. This calls for a modular approach when designing C-ITS infrastructure, especially when considering a real world urban environment. Such environments are characterized by heterogeneous traffic light hardware and traffic management systems. This paper focuses on the modular architecture of the C-ITS pilot in Dresden. For example, a highly flexible communication stack is developed for this special purpose. It fully supports the message types standardized by European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) on the one hand, while on the other hand allowing the rapid implementation and test of novel message types and contents. This went hand in hand with the development of a modular roadside unit, enabling the rapid implementation of service applications on its central processing unit. In combination with a cloud-based backend, a real-time C-ITS service platform with a hybrid communication concept is developed. This paper presents a modular architecture and best practice guidelines based on experiences of the C-ITS pilot in Dresden. First results of research topics, such as latency measurements, are shown. The ongoing C-ITS deployment in Dresden is part of the initiative ""Synchrone Mobilität 2023"", which aims at advancing Intelligent Transport Systems. Focusing on automated and connected driving in urban areas, the research and development projects under its umbrella initiate scientific and technological developments and provide comprehensive test facilities. Automated and connected driving in urban areas requires not only simulations and test drives on test sites but also enormous testing effort under real traffic conditions. The Dresden Testbed offers outstanding conditions to conduct real-world test with a multitude of test kilometers and the experience of different traffic scenarios.