Investigation of the negative influence of cooling lubricants on the deformation of the machine tool structure
Cooling lubricants have a significant influence on the thermal state of a machine tool. The fluid absorbs the thermal energy of the cutting process and dissipates it to prevent wear of the tool and distortion of the work piece. However, the unpredictable flow of the cooling lubricant also transfers the energy to the machine tool structure and can thus have a negative impact on the produced work piece quality. While the thermal behaviour of machine tools under the influence of thermal environmental conditions is already the subject of ongoing research projects, the influence of cooling lubricants on the thermal state of the machine tool and thus the achievable manufacturing accuracy is still largely unexplored. This paper investigates the thermally induced deformations of the machine tool structure, as well as the impact on the Tool Centre Point (TCP).