Towards Shortest Paths via Adiabatic Quantum Computing
Since first working quantum computers are now available, accelerated developments of this technology may be expected. This will likely impact graph- or network analysis because quantum computers promise fast solutions for many problems in these areas. In this paper, we explore the use of adiabatic quantum computing in finding shortest paths. We devise an Ising energy minimization formulation for this task and discuss how to set up a system of quantum bits to find minimum energy states of the model. In simulation experiments, we numerically solve the corresponding Schrödinger equations and observe our approach to work well. This evidences that shortest path computation can at least be assisted by quantum computers.