Data-driven Identification of Causal Dependencies in Cyber-Physical Production Systems
Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) are systems that connect physical components with software components. CPS used for production are called Cyber-Physical Production Systems (CPPS). Since the complexity of these systems can be very high, finding the cause of an error takes a lot of effort. In this paper, a data-driven approach to identify causal dependencies in cyber-physical production systems (CPPS) is presented. The approach is based on two different layers of learning algorithms: one low-level layer that processes the direct machine data and a higher-level learning layer that processes the output of the low-level layer. The low-level layer is based on different learning modules that can process differently typed data (continuous, discrete or both). The high-level learning algorithms are based on rule-based and case-based reasoning. Thus, causal dependencies are detected allowing the plant operator to find the error cause quickly.