Advanced renewable gasoline from waste biomass - experimental investigation of a novel transportation fuel
This work is focused on the experimental investigation of the exhaust emissions and brake specific fuel consumption of a novel renewable gasoline according the requirements of the European fuel standard EN 228. The gasoline was generated from waste biomass (municipal sewage sludge) via Thermo-Catalytic Reforming (TCR®); producing crude TCR® bio-oil for catalytic hydrotreatment and refining to gasoline (EN 228) and diesel (EN 590). This advanced renewable gasoline was blended with 85% fossil gasoline (EN 228) and 5% bioethanol creating a gasoline with 15% renewable share. The Blend was tested on a turbocharged direct injection spark ignition automobile engine at different load points. The results were compared to fossil standard gasoline (EN 228) with 5% bioethanol. The exhaust emissions of CO2, CO, NOx, HC, PM, PN, SO2, and the brake specific fuel consumption will were compared and revealed similar values for both fuels.