A globally convergent method for generalized resistive systems and its application to stationary problems in gas transport networks
We consider generalized resistive systems, comprising linear Kirchhoff equations and non-linear element equations, depending on the flow through the element and on two adjacent nodal variables. The derivatives of the element equation should possess a special signature. For such systems we prove the global non-degeneracy of the Jacobi matrix and the applicability of globally convergent solution tracing algorithms. We show that the stationary problems in gas transport networks belong to this generalized resistive type. We apply the tracing algorithm to several realistic networks and compare its performance with a generic Newton solver.