Follow-up feasibility study on sustainable batteries under FWC ENER/C3/2015-619-Lot 1. Task 1 report: Feasibility of scope extension to electric scooter, bicycles, mopeds and motorcycles
The original study defined a scope, which included electro-mobility applications for passenger electric vehicles and trucks, both hybrid and full electric. Batteries for lighter mobility applications (scooters, pedelecs, mopeds and motorcycles) were not in the original study scope. Though the batteries may have different design constraints, they still share many common characteristics, including battery chemistry. The objective of this task is to consider to what extent, if any, requirements identified in the original study on performance, durability, carbon footprint, responsible sourcing, reuse/repurpose, recycle and so on, are applicable to lighter e-mobility applications (light electric vehicles - LEV) mentioned above. This task should also analyse the implications of extending the scope of a possible regulation to LEV, including a cost/benefit analysis, as well as analysis of potential enforcement and verification issues.