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  • Publication
    Bestandsaufnahme zum Qualifizierungsbedarf in der mitteldeutschen Wasserstoffwirtschaft
    ( 2024)
    Klöppelt, Christian
    ;
    Wagner, Patrick
    ;
    Thamm, Florian
    Ziel der Studie war es, den Qualifikationsbedarf in den Unternehmen der Wertschöpfungskette »Wasserstoff«, von der Herstellung über die Speicherung, den Transport bis zur Anwendung, im Mitteldeutschen Revier zu ermitteln. Unter anderem wird folgenden Fragen nachgegangen: Welche Berufsbilder existieren in den Unternehmen der Wasserstoffwirtschaft? Welche zusätzlichen Qualifikationen brauchen Fachkräfte in der Wasserstoffwirtschaft bereits und welcher wird zukünftig entstehen? Werden die Qualifikationsbedarfe durch die existierende Bildungs- und Qualifikationslandschaft abgedeckt? Wie werden die Betriebsräte beim Thema Aus- und Weiterbildung als Schlüsselfrage der Transformation einbezogen und wie wird Mitbestimmung wirksam? Mit den Ergebnissen der Studie soll ein Beitrag zu Fachkräftesicherung für den Energie-, Industrie- und insbesondere Wasserstoffstandort Mitteldeutschland geleistet werden.
  • Publication
    Roadmap Klimaneutrale Produktion
    ( 2024) ; ; ; ;
    Hölzle, Katharina
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    Rietdorf, Chantal
    ;
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    Eboumbou Ebongue, Yvonne
    ;
    Silber, Nadine
    ;
    Sadjjadi-Ortlieb, Bijan Viktor
    ;
    Gamero Fajardo, Edgar Antonio
    ;
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    Czeschlik, Janniko
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    Bähr, Sabina
    ;
    ; ;
    Büttner, Stefan
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    Gilles, Marina
    ;
    Sawitzki, Ferenc Paul
  • Publication
    Direct electrification of industrial process heat
    This study investigates the potential for direct electrification of industrial process heat in the EU- 27 and considers technologies that are available today or expected to be available by 2035 at the latest, including electric boilers, heat pumps, resistance heating, induction heating, plasma heating, electric arc furnaces, shock- wave heating and thermal storage technologies. The electrification potential is calculated individually for seven industrial sectors and substantiated by an analysis of specific process heat requirements for 14 individual applications, assuming that increased efforts will be undertaken to develop electric heating technologies and the corresponding processes. This approach takes into account the considerable diversity of process heating types across the various industrial production processes. By matching these requirements with the capabilities of eight technologies, barriers and challenges to direct electrification have been identified and validated in stakeholder interviews.
  • Publication
    Optimized demand-based charging networks for long-haul trucking in Europe
    (Fraunhofer ISI, 2024)
    Lange, Jan-Hendrik
    ;
    ;
    Battery electric trucks (BETs) are the most promising option for fast and large-scale CO2 emission reduction in road freight transport. Yet, the limited range and longer charging times compared to diesel trucks make long-haul BET applications challenging, so a comprehensive fast charging network for BETs is required. However, little is known about optimal truck charging locations for long-haul trucking in Europe. Here we derive optimized truck charging networks consisting of publicly accessible locations across the continent. Based on European truck traffic flow estimates for 2030 and actual truck stop locations we construct a long-term minimum charging network that covers the expected charging demand. Our approach introduces an origin-destination pair sampling method and includes local capacity constraints to compute an optimized stepwise network expansion along the highest demand routes in Europe. For an electrification target of 15% BET share in long-haul and without depot charging, our results suggest that about 91% of electric long-haul truck traffic across Europe can be enabled already with a network of 1,000 locations, while 500 locations would suffice for about 50%. We furthermore show how the coverage of origin-destina-tion flows scales with the number of locations and the size of the stations. Ideal locations to cover many truck trips are at highway intersections and along major European road freight corridors (TEN-T core network).
  • Publication
    Price pass-through of CO2 costs
    The price pass-through of CO2 costs was analysed for HRC and PE/PP products as parts of a BEV. It was revealed that the feasibility of transferring these costs hinges on a company's ability to dictate prices, either as a significant player in international markets or through bilateral agreements. While the data and information gathered shed light on the complexity of business relationships and markets, it unequivocally demonstrates that the question of price pass-through is far from being answered straightforward. Low transparency about various business relations and markets, lack of information on specific production volumes, inputs, and current cost and pricing data were identified as critical hindrances to assessing the pass-through of prices, despite the existence of scientific concepts. Within the industry, a few companies may possess a strong foothold in the global market and be equipped to navigate elevated costs without external intervention, whereas others may lack the means to offset cost increases due to CO2 prices. Policymakers are thus faced with the challenge of formulating targeted policies for less competitive companies and industries expected to lose market shares due to CO2 pricing, while refraining from interfering with those capable of robust market competition. In essence, the domestic imposition of CO2 pricing poses a significant threat to the price competitiveness of the domestic carbon-intensive industry. A well-designed CBAM is imperative, yet its effectiveness on global prices also hinges on whether global producers are subject to CO2 emission costs. Should global producers remain unaffected by such expenses, many European producers are likely to encounter a general cost disadvantage when exporting to the international market.