Rechargeable Batteries of the Future - The State of the Art from a BATTERY 2030+ Perspective
The development of new batteries has historically been achieved through discovery and development cycles based on the intuition of the researcher, followed by experimental trial and error-often helped along by serendipitous breakthroughs. Meanwhile, it is evident that new strategies are needed to master the ever-growing complexity in the development of battery systems, and to fast-track the transfer of findings from the laboratory into commercially viable products. This review gives an overview over the future needs and the current state-of-the art of five research pillars of the European Large-Scale Research Initiative BATTERY 2030+, namely 1) Battery Interface Genome in combination with a Materials Acceleration Platform (BIG-MAP), progress toward the development of 2) self-healing battery materials, and methods for operando, 3) sensing to monitor battery health. These subjects are complemented by an overview over current and up-coming strategies to optimize 4) manufacturability of batteries and efforts toward development of a circular battery economy through implementation of 5) recyclability aspects in the design of the battery.
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute of Nanotechnology (INT), Germany; Helmholtz Institute Ulm (HIU) Ulm, Germany
Department of Chemistry - Ångström Laboratories, Uppsala University, Sweden; ALISTORE-European Research Institute, France
CIDETEC, Basque Research and Technology Alliance (BRTA), Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain
Battery Innovation Center, MOBI Research Center, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Ixelles, Belgium