Effect of hydrogen in mixed gases on the mechanical properties of steels - theoretical background and review of test results
This review summarizes the thermodynamics of hydrogen (H2) in mixed gases of nitrogen (N2), methane (CH4) and natural gas, with a special focus on hydrogen fugacity. A compilation and interpretation of literature results for mechanical properties of steels as a function of hydrogen fugacity implies that test results obtained in gas mixtures and in pure hydrogen, both at the same fugacity, are equivalent. However, this needs to be verified experimentally. Among the test methods reviewed here, fatigue crack growth testing is the most sensitive method to measure hydrogen effects in pipeline steels followed by fracture toughness testing and tensile testing.