Plywood made from plasma-treated veneers
Investigation of performance differences between plasma-pretreated and untreated beech veneers at comparable melamine resin load
In this study, the dimensional stability and mechanical properties of plywood made from untreated and plasma-pretreated beech veneers were compared. The wood veneers used (native and thermally modified) were impregnated with melamine resin in a simple dipping process prior to plywood production. The duration of the impregnation process was adjusted to give the same melamine resin loading for the different veneer types, with the plasma-pretreated veneers requiring only a fraction of the impregnation time compared with non-plasma-pretreated veneers. With comparable melamine loading, testing of the mechanical properties of the plywood for the different specimen collectives showed significant differences in some cases with respect to compressive strength, bending strength and tensile strength (with the associated moduli of elasticity). For example, it was shown that plywood made from plasma-pretreated native beech veneers shows an increase in bending strength of about 8%, and from plasma-pretreated and thermally modified beech veneers, there is an increase of about 10% compared to the reference.