Consistent Thermo-Capillarity and Thermal Boundary Conditions for Single-Phase Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics
A model for capillary phenomena including temperature-dependency and thermal boundary conditions is presented in the numerical framework of smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH). The model requires only a single fluid phase and is therefore computationally more efficient than surface tension schemes which need an explicit fluid-fluid or fluid-gas interface. The model makes use of a surface identification mechanism based on the SPH renormalization tensor. All relevant properties of the continuum surface force (CSF) based approach, i.e., the delta function, normal vector and curvature, are calculated in a consistent manner. The model is parametrized by physical material properties and is successfully validated by means of a large set of analytical test cases. The applicability of the proposed model to more complex scenarios is demonstrated.