Mixed metal oxides as optically-passive ion storage layers in electrochromic devices based on metallopolymers
Electrochromic devices (ECDs) based on iron metallopolymers (Fe-MEPE) and different oxide-based ion storage electrodes on fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO)-coated glass as transparent, conductive substrates are investigated in detail. Titanium-manganese oxide (TMO) thin film electrodes deposited by reactive magnetron co-sputtering on FTO glass were compared to commercially available titanium-vanadium oxide (TiVOx) for use as optically-passive ion storage layers. The ECDs with Fe-MEPE combined with TiVOx (coloration efficiency i = 2 cm² C-¹ at 584 nm) and Ti-rich TMO (i = −4 cm² C-¹) are blue-purple in the dark state at 0 V and become highly transmissive when 1.5 V is applied with a visible light transmittance (tv) change from 28% to 69% and 21% to 57% in 3 s and 13 s, respectively. The ECDs show fast responses and high reversibility over more than 100 cycles. The combination of Fe-MEPE and Mn-rich TMO (i = −24 cm² C-¹) leads to a dark brown ECD, which can be brightened at 2.5 V (tv: 4% ↔17%, 9 s for decoloring).
Giffin, Guinevere A.