Residual stress relaxation in HFMI-treated fillet welds after single overload peaks
The induction of near-surface compressive residual stress is an important factor for fatigue life improvement of HFMI-treated welded joints. However, the relaxation of these beneficial residual stresses under single overload peaks under variable amplitude and service loads may significantly reduce fatigue life improvement. For this reason, several recommendations exist to limit the maximum applied load stress for this kind of post-treated welded joints. In this work, the effect of single tension and compression overloads on the relaxation behavior of HFMI-induced residual stresses was studied experimentally by means of X-ray and neutron diffraction techniques complemented by numerical simulation at transverse stiffeners made of mild S355J2 steel and high strength S960QL steel. Loads were app lied close to the real yield strength of the base material. Significantly different relaxation behavior was observed for S355J2 and S960QL steel. Furthermore, high compression loads lead to full residual stress relaxation at the weld toe of S960QL and moderate relaxation for S355J2. High tension loads lead only to slight relaxation.