Hollow Superparamagnetic Nanoparticle-Based Microballoons for Mechanical Force Monitoring by Magnetic Particle Spectroscopy
The determination of induced mechanical forces in ball mills is an ongoing problem, which is so far mainly addressed by simulations. Herein, we suggest utilizing superparamagnetic microballoons as sensor particles for mechanical stress. The defined assembly of superparamagnetic nanoparticles yields microballoons with hollow cores, which makes them susceptible to mechanical forces. It is shown that the hollow structure is continuously fragmented under static or dynamic force application. By use of magnetic particle spectroscopy, these structural changes are readily detected and enable the quantification of the applied mechanical forces in ball mills.