Correlation of defect luminescence and recombination in multicrystalline silicon
Correlations between defect-related luminescence (DRL) and recombination mechanisms of multicrystalline silicon wafers are investigated by hyperspectral photoluminescence (PL) imaging at cryogenic temperatures (∼80 K) and by PL-based techniques for charge carrier lifetime at room temperature. This unique combination of measurement techniques is used to spectrally compare the DRL in n-type and p-type wafers and to investigate the DRL as a function of block height in a p-type block. Further, the dependence of DRL on interstitial and precipitated metallic impurities has been investigated by comparison of simulated concentration profiles of interstitial and precipitated iron with the spatial distribution of DRL. Our results indicate that the origins of the dislocation-related emission lines (D-lines) are independent of the doping type and suggest that the spectral shape, rather, is determined by the dominating recombination mechanism in the material. In regions with high structural defect density, we observe increased intensities of the D-lines D1-D4 in the DRL spectrum. In regions with a high concentration of either iron or other metallic precipitates, we observe reduced emission intensities of D3 and D4. It is, thus, likely that precipitates of either iron or other impurities partly supress the D3 and D4 emission intensities.
Wyller, Guro Marie
Schubert, Martin C.