High frequency mechanical impact treatment (HFMI) for the fatigue improvement: numerical and experimental investigations to describe the condition in the surface layer
Post-treatment techniques like the high frequency mechanical impact treatment (HFMI) exhibit a significant fatigue life enhancement of welded joints. The effectiveness of this mechanical impact treatment is primarily based on the combination of three effects: the local hardness increase, compressive residual stresses and reduced notch stress concentration at the weld toe. The goal of the present study was to develop a computationally efficient approach for predicting residual stresses induced by the HFMI process on steel specimens. For that purpose, explicit simulations of this post weld treatment technique were performed utilizing the software package ABAQUS. Although, the focus of this study is to find suitable process and material parameters as input for the numerical simulation. For this, the impact velocity, contact force and permanent indentation depth of a pneumatic HFMI-tool were measured.