Suboptimal Feedback Control of PDEs by Solving HJB Equations on Adaptive Sparse Grids
An approach to solve finite time horizon suboptimal feedback control problems for partial differential equations is proposed by solving dynamic programming equations on adaptive sparse grids. A semi-discrete optimal control problem is introduced and the feedback control is derived from the corresponding value function. The value function can be characterized as the solution of an evolutionary HamiltonâJacobi Bellman (HJB) equation which is defined over a state space whose dimension is equal to the dimension of the underlying semi-discrete system. Besides a low dimensional semi-discretization it is important to solve the HJB equation efficiently to address the curse of dimensionality. We propose to apply a semi-Lagrangian scheme using spatially adaptive sparse grids. Sparse grids allow the discretization of the value functions in (higher) space dimensions since the curse of dimensionality of full grid methods arises to a much smaller extent.