Experimental and numerical study on crack initiation under fretting fatigue loading
Press-fitted railway axles and wheels are subjected to fretting fatigue loading with a potential hazard of crack initiation in press fits. Typically, the resistance against crack initiation and propagation in press fits is investigated in full-scale tests, which procedure is both costly and time consuming. In this context, combined experimental and numerical approaches are of increasing practical importance, as these may reduce the experimental effort and, moreover, provide a basis for the transferability of experimental results to different axle geometries and materials. This study aims at evaluating stress-strain conditions under which fretting fatigue crack initiation is likely to occur. Experiments on small-scale specimens under varying fretting fatigue load parameters and their finite-element modelling to characterize the resulting stress-strain fields are performed. Subsequently, different multiaxial fatigue parameters are applied to predict crack initiation under fretting fatigue conditions.