Electrochemiluminescence (ECL) immunosensor for detection of Francisella tularensis on screen-printed gold electrode array
An electrochemiluminescence (ECL) immunosensor for the rapid detection of the Francisella tularensis pathogen using whole antibodies or antibody fragments as capture biomolecule is described. A sandwich immunoassay was used with either lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or the whole inactivated bacterial cell (LVS) as a target, while Ru(bpy)3 2+-encapsulated silicate nanoparticles were linked to the secondary antibody and used as ECL labels. The assay was performed in a fluidic chip housed in a custom-built black box incorporating electronics, optics and fluidics. The obtained limit of detection for LPS was 0.4 ng/mL, while for the LVS it was 70 and 45 bacteria/mL when the capturing molecule was the whole antibody and the antibody F(ab) fragment, respectively.