Joining the Heston and a three-factor short rate model: A closed-form approach
In this paper, we present an innovative hybrid model for the valuation of equity options. Our approach includes stochastic volatility according to Heston (1993) [Review of Financial Studies 6 (2), 327343] and features a stochastic interest rate that follows a three-factor short rate model based on Hull and White (1994) [Journal of Derivatives 2 (2), 3748]. Our model is of affine structure, allows for correlations between the stock, the short rate and the volatility processes and can be fitted perfectly to the initial term structure. We determine the zero bond price formula and derive the analytic solution for European type options in terms of characteristic functions needed for fast calibration. We highlight the flexibility of our approach, by comparing the price and implied volatility surfaces of our model with the Heston model, where we in particular focus on the correlation structure. Our approach forms a comprehensive market model with an intuitive correlation structure that connects both the equity and interest market to the market volatility.