Sensor data fusion for activity monitoring in the PERSONA ambient assisted living project
User activity monitoring is a major problem in ambient assisted living, since it requires to infer new knowledge from collected and fused sensor data while dealing with highly dynamic environments, where devices continuously change their availability and (or) physical location. In the context of the European project PERSONA, we have developed an activity monitoring sub-system characterized by high modularity, little invasiveness of the environment and good responsiveness. In this paper we first illustrate the functional architecture of the proposed solution from a general point of view, discussing the motivations of the design. Then we describe in details the software components - sensor abstraction and integration layer, human posture classification, activity monitor - and the resulting activity monitoring application, presenting also a performance evaluation.