Complexity aided design
The futurICT technological innovation paradigm
In the next century, planet earth will don an electronic skin. It will use the Internet as a scaffold to support and transmit its sensations. This skin is already being stitched together. It consists of millions of embedded electronic measuring devices: thermostats, pressure gauges, pollution detectors, cameras, microphones, glucose sensors, EKGs, electroencephalographs. These will probe and monitor cities and endangered species, the atmosphere, our ships, highways and fleets of trucks, our conversations, our bodieseven our dreams ....What will the earths new skin permit us to feel? How will we use its surges of sensation? For several yearsmaybe for a decadethere will be no central nervous system to manage this vast signaling network. Certainly there will be no central intelligence... some qualities of self-awareness will emerge once the Net is sensually enhanced. Sensuality is only one force pushing the Net toward intelligence. These statements are quoted by an interview by Cherry Murray, Dean of the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences and Professor of Physics. It is interesting to outline the timeliness and highly predicting power of these statements. In particular, we would like to point to the relevance of the question What will the earths new skin permit us to feel? to the work we are going to discuss in this paper. There are many additional compelling questions, as for example: How can the electronic earths skin be made more resilient?; How can the earths electronic skin be improved to better satisfy the need of our society?; What can th e science of complex systems contribute to this endeavour?"