Performance assessment of an integrated free cooling and solar powered single-effect lithium bromide-water absorption chiller for the duration of five years
"In this study, performance assessment of an integrated cooling plant having both free cooling system and solar powered single-effect lithium bromide-water absorption chiller in operation since August 2002 in Oberhausen, Germany, was performed. A floor space of 270 m2 is air-conditioned by the plant. The plant includes 35.17 kW cooling (10-RT) absorption chiller, vacuum tube collectors' aperture area of 108 m2, hot water storage capacity of 6.8 m3, cold water storage capacity of 1.5 m3 and a 134 kW cooling tower. The results show that free cooling in some cooling months can be up to 70% while it is about 25% during the 5 years period of the plant operation. For sunny clear sky days with equal incident solar radiation, the daily solar heat fraction ranged from 0.33 to 0.41, collectors' field efficiency ranged from 0.352 to 0.492 and chiller COP varies from 0.37 to 0.81, respectively. The monthly average value of solar heat fraction varies from 31.1% up to 100% and the five years average value of about 60%. The monthly average collectors' field efficiency value varies from 34.1% up 41.8% and the five-year average value amounts about 28.3%. Based on the obtained results, the specific collector area is 4.23 (m2/kWcold) and the solar energy system support of the institute heating system for the duration from August 2002 to November 2007 is 8124 kWh."