Direct modulation and mode locking of 1.3 µm quantum dot lasers
We report 7 GHz cut-off frequency, 2.5 and 5Gb s(-1) eye pattern measurements upon direct modulation of 1.3 mum quantum dot lasers grown without incorporating phosphorus in the layers. Passive mode-locking is achieved from very low frequencies up to 50 GHz and hybrid mode-locking is achieved up to 20 GHz. The minimum pulse width of the Fourier-limited pulses at 50 GHz is 3 ps, with an uncorrelated timing jitter below 1 ps. The lasers are optimized for high frequency operation by a ridge waveguide design that includes etching through the active layer and ridge widths down to 1 mum. The far-field shape for 1 mum is close to circular with a remaining asymmetry of 1.2.