Altered function and surface marker expression of neutrophils induced by rhg-CSF treatment in severe congenital neutropenia
Neutrophils from patients suffering from severe congenital neutropenia (SCN), who were receiving recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhg-CSF), were investigated in order to analyze the previously described decrease in chemotaxis. This study demonstrated the decreased chemotaxis to five well-known chemoattractants, FMLP, C5a, IL-8, LTB4 and PAF. To further investigate this impairment of patients' neutrophils, receptors and receptor turnover for chemoattractants were examined using flow cytometry. We found 1) increased FMLP receptor and decreased C5a receptor expression, 2) a normal expression of intracellular FMLP receptors after incubation with PMA, 3) increased loss and decreased re-expression of FMLP receptors after incubation with this peptide, 4) normal expression of adhesion glycoproteins CR3 (CD11b/CD18) and LFA1 (CD11a/CD18), 5) further signs of in vivo preactivation.