05 September 2022
Result quality evaluation of Directed Energy Deposition Additive Manufacturing simulations with progressive simplification of transient heat-source motion
Directed Energy Deposition (DED) additive manufacturing has recently been adopted in the industry for the build-up of structural components with weld lengths up to kilometers. As with all welding processes, DED suffers from thermal distortion, causing loss of dimensional accuracy and risk of cracking. Currently, process optimization with objective to minimize distortion requires expensive experimental trial-and-error. With numerical simulation of the DED process, this distortion compensation can be performed virtually, significantly reducing experimental trials. Although such approaches are generally available, their widespread adoption is currently being hampered by long computational times for large builds. This work presents a novel approach to reduce the calculation time by a simplification of the transient heat-source motion. This approach is assessed in terms of result accuracy for an industrial-scale component by progressively reducing the resolution of the heat-source motion. Calculation times as well as distortions in comparison to experimental trials are investigated.
Laser-Auftragschweißen funktionell gradierter, metallischer Hartschichten