Photocatalytic effect of TiO2-coated surfaces on the pathogenic microorganisms E.coli and S.aureus
The use of titanium dioxide as a strong photocatalytic substance can have a large effect in combating the spread of pathogens through heavily contaminated surfaces. For this purpose, various materials, such as metal, glass, and polymer were coated with rutile- and anatase-rich titanium dioxide by sol-gel method. The contact angle and photocatalytic activity of the coated surface were measured under UV irradiation. The anatase-rich titanium dioxide showed higher photocatalytic activity, which further increased with the coating thickness. The process temperature had an effect on the photocatalytic activity due to the temperature-dependent conversion of anatase to rutile crystal conformation. The coated surfaces had strongly reduced contact angles compared to the uncoated material. In particular, the anatase-rich surfaces resulted in superhydrophilic properties. Photocatalytically induced antibacterial activity against pathogenic microorganisms in liquid environments was d emonstrated, especially for gram-negative Escherichia coli bacteria.