Analysis of surface roughness in hard turning using wiper insert geometry
Hard turning process is currently replacing the conventional grinding operations in many industries. If properly designed, hard turning can give equivalent results to grinding process in terms of accuracy and machined surface quality. Wiper inserts are being used in machining operations because of their competence to generate superior machined surface. Surface roughness is major requirement for many industrial components and is one of the important parameter considered to describe machinability of metals and metal alloys. This paper investigates performance of wiper inserts in hard turning of oil hardening non-shrinking steel. The oil hardening non-shrinking steel is commonly used material for making measuring instruments and gauges wherein surface roughness is very important aspect. The major emphasis here is given to study and compare performance of wiper insert in terms of surface finish with conventional inserts.