Nanoparticle-mediated gene transfer from electrophoretically coated metal surfaces
The transfer of genetic information into living cells is a powerful tool to manipulate their protein expression by the regulation of protein synthesis. This can be used for the treatment of genetically caused diseases (gene therapy). However, the systemic application of genes is associated with a number of problems, such as a targeted gene delivery and potential side effects. Here we present a method for the spatial application of nanoparticle-based gene therapy. Titanium was electrophoretically coated with DNA-functionalized calcium phosphate nanoparticles. NIH3T3 cells and He La cells were transfected with pcDNA3-EGFP. We monitored the transfection in vitro by fluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry, and Western Blot analysis. By coating a transparent substrate, i.e., indium tin oxide (ITO), with nanoparticles, we followed the transfection by live cell imaging.