Analysis of the transport mechanism in GaAs/AlGaAs quantum-well infrared photodetection structures using time resolved photocurrent measurements
Analyse des Transportmechanismus in GaAs/AlGaAs quantum well Infrarot-Photodetektorstrukturen mittels zeitaufgelösten Photostrommessungen
We show that the transient intersubband photocurrent in a GaAs/AlGaAs quanturn-well infrared photodetector (QWIP) consists of two dynamical components, which are associated, respectively, with the drift motion of photoexcited carriers and with the extra injection current induced by the generated nonequilibrium space charges. The decay time tau of the latter component depends critically on the temperature of the sample and the applied bias voltage. For a temperature of Tau = 22 K, decay times in excess of 15 mu s are found. A simple model of the refilling process of the space charges is presented, showing, that the slow component corresponds approximately to the dielectric relaxation time of the structure along the growth direction. While the slow component in the present 8-period structure corresponds to about 50 per cent of the total photocurrent, it is negligible in standard QWIP structures containing 40 or more periods, where >= 99 per cent of the intersubband photocurrent proceeds on a picosecond time scale.