Modeling the mechanical behavior of a Li-ion pouch cell under three-pont bending
Short-circuits caused by external forces, as they occur in crash situations, may lead to uncontrolled discharge of battery cells. As a consequence, the battery heats up locally, which, if it comes to the worst, results in an explosive reaction of the cell. However, the detection of critical deformations, for example in car crash simulations is very challenging: On the one hand, local indentations in the range of a few millimeters often result in a breakup of the inner structure and consequently in a short circuit. On the other hand, battery cells can also withstand surprisingly large deformations with the internal structure remaining intact. Thus, a reliable battery cell model has to capture a variety of different deformation modes.