Field-induced delocalization and zener breakdown in semiconductor superlattices
Feldinduzierte Delokalisierung und Zenerdurchbruch in Halbleitergittern
We investigate the electronic structure in strongly coupled superlattices over a wide field range. It is shown that die Wannier-Stark localization is followed by a field-induced delocalization which is due to a strong Zener coupling to continuum states, We compare different superlattice structures with high and with low barriers to alternatively investigate the affects of. resonant interminiband tunneling and a strong Zener coupling to continuum states. The associated electrical breakdown is quantitatively shown in a detailed analysis of the absorption. A comprehensive theoretical model excellently describes the experimental results. Zener tunneling times are directly addressed by time-resolved experiments.