Now showing 1 - 10 of 686
  • Publication
    Acoustic emission-based process monitoring in the milling of carbon fibre-reinforced plastics
    ( 2022)
    Uhlmann, E.
    ;
    Holznagel, Tobias
    Milling of fibre-reinforced plastics is a challenging task. The highly abrasive fibres lead to high tool wear and coating failures, which cause increasing process forces and temperatures. Machining with a worn tool, in turn, can result in unwanted workpiece damages such as delamination or fibre protrusion. Reliable monitoring of the process must therefore be able to detect damages to the milling tool and the workpiece alike. The presented process monitoring approach measures the acoustic emission generated by the milling tool cutting edge entering the workpiece with a sensor attached to the tool holder. Specific acoustic emission frequency spectra and waveforms are emitted in the cutting zone for different tool wear states. Coating failures as well as other acoustic emission events due to workpiece damages can be robustly detected and distinguished by feature extraction and signal processing as well. The developed setup, the monitoring parameterisation techniques and signal processing algorithms as well as experimental and monitoring results are presented and discussed in this paper.
  • Publication
    Influence of superimposed low frequency oscillations on single-pass honing of long-chipping steel
    ( 2022)
    Uhlmann, E.
    ;
    Rozek, André
    Single-pass honing is used as a finishing process to meet high demands regarding form and dimensional accuracy of drilled bores. The disadvantages of single-pass honing compared to the conventional long-stroke honing are high process forces and torques as well as an increased risk of chip space clogging of the abrasive stones. A significant reduction in process forces and torques can be achieved by superimposing the axial movement with oscillations. In this work the kinematic basics of different oscillation parameters and their effects on single-pass honing of long-chipping steel are analyzed. It can be concluded that by superimposing low frequency oscillations in single-pass honing, the process forces and torques as well as the specific energy consumption can be reduced significantly without a decline in surface quality and form accuracy.
  • Publication
    Residual stress assessment during cutting tool lifetime of CVD-diamond coated indexable inserts
    ( 2022)
    Uhlmann, E.
    ;
    Hinzmann, Daniel
    Insufficient coating adhesion limits reproducibility regarding tool lifetime as well as workpiece quality during the application of CVD-diamond coated cutting tools. Depending on the combination of tungsten carbide substrate material, coating thickness as well as coating morphology, individual residual stress conditions exist within CVD-diamond coated cutting tool specifications. The application of these tools is accompanied by coating delamination as primary cutting tool failure. The tool lifetime of the respective cutting tool composition depends on the corresponding residual stress condition until crack development within the CVD-diamond coating initiates tool failure. During external cylindrical turning of hypereutectic aluminium silicon alloy AlSi17Cu4Mg-T6 the residual stress condition of a CVD-diamond coated cutting tool is assessed along the cutting edge, the rake face as well as flank face throughout the respective tool lifetime. Consequently, the progression of the residual stress condition until cutting tool failure regarding coating delamination is observed. During the tool lifetime of the investigated CVD-diamond cutting tools, compressive residual stress ∆σR,c shifts to tensile residual stress ∆σR,t underneath the cutting edge corner. The approximated residual stress difference of ∆σR ≈ 5 GPa indicates stress peak relaxation processes, such as crack initiation, within the CVD-diamond coating.
  • Publication
    Effects on the distortion of Inconel 718 components along a hybrid laser-based additive manufacturing process chain using laser powder bed fusion and laser metal deposition
    ( 2021)
    Uhlmann, E.
    ;
    Düchting, J.
    ;
    Petrat, T.
    ;
    Krohmer, E.
    ;
    Graf, B.
    ;
    Rethmeier, M.
    The combination of laser powder bed fusion (LPBF), known for its geometrical freedom and accuracy, and the nozzle-based laser metal deposition process (LMD), known for its high build-up rates, has great potential to reduce the additive manufacturing times for large metallic parts. For the industrial application of the LPBF-LMD hybrid process chain, it is necessary to investigate the influence of the LMD process on the LPBF substrate. In addition, the build plate material also has a significant impact on the occurrence of distortion along the additive manufacturing process chain. In the literature, steel build plates are often used in laser-based additive manufacturing processes of Inconel 718, since a good metallurgical bonding can be assured whilst reducing costs in the production and restoration of the build plates. This paper examines the distortion caused by LMD material deposition and the influence of the build plate material along the hybrid additive manufacturing process chain. Twin cantilevers are manufactured by LPBF and an additional layer is subsequently deposited with LMD. The distortion is measured in the as-built condition as well as after heat treatment. The effect of different LMD hatch strategies on the distortion is determined. The experiments are conducted using the nickel-base alloy Inconel 718. The results show a significant influence of LMD path strategies on distortion, with shorter tool paths leading to less distortion. The remaining distortion after heat treatment is considerably dependent on the material of the build plate.
  • Publication
    Tool wear modelling using micro tool diameter reduction for micro-end-milling of tool steel H13
    ( 2019)
    Manso, C.S.
    ;
    Thom, S.
    ;
    Uhlmann, E.
    ;
    Assis, C.L.F de
    ;
    Conte, E.G del
    Micro components have been demanded increasingly due to the global trend of miniaturization of products and devices. Micro milling is one of the most promising processes for micro-scale production and differs from conventional milling due to the size effect introducing phenomena like the minimum chip thickness, making the prediction of micro milling process hard. Among challenges in micro milling, tool life and tool wear can be highlighted. Understanding tool wear and modelling in micro milling is challenging and essential to maintaining the quality and geometric tolerances of workpieces. This work investigates how to model the diameter reduction of a tool caused by tool wear for micro milling of H13 tool steel. Machining experiments were carried out in order to obtain cutting parameters affecting tool wear by considering the diameter reduction. Dry full slot milling with TiAlN (titanium aluminium nitride)-coated micro tools of diameter d = 400 mm was performed. Three levels of feed per tooth (fz = 2 mm, 4 mm and 5 mm) and two spindle speed levels (n = 30,000 rpm and 46,000 rpm) were used and evaluated over a cutting length of lc = 1182 mm. The results show that lower levels of feed per tooth and spindle speed lead to higher tool wear with a total diameter reduction over 22%. The magnitude of the cutting parameters affecting tool wear was determined by ANOVA (analysis of variance), and the model validation meets the statistical requirements with a coefficient of determination R2 = 83.5% showing the feasibility of the approach to predict tool wear using diameter reduction modelling in micro milling.
  • Publication
    3-Achs-Portalfräsmaschine als Demonstrator für ein modulares Werkzeugmaschinengestell
    ( 2019)
    Uhlmann, E.
    ;
    Polte, M.
    ;
    Blumberg, J.
    ;
    Peukert, B.
  • Publication
    Niobcarbid statt Wolframcarbid Alternativer Schneidstoff in der Drehbearbeitung
    ( 2019)
    Kropidlowski, K.
    ;
    Uhlmann, E.
    ;
    Woydt, M.
    ;
    Theiler, G.
    ;
    Gradt, T.
  • Publication
    Cutting force prediction in micro-milling considering the cutting edge micro-geometry
    ( 2019)
    Uhlmann, E.
    ;
    Polte, J.
    ;
    Wiesner, H.M.
    ;
    Kuche, Y.
    ;
    Polte, M.
    The micro-milling process is used for a wide range of materials and enables the manufacturing of complex geometries with micro-features. One important factor for the tool life is the cutting force Fc, which depends on the applied technology, process parameters and cutting edge micro-geometry. High cutting forces Fc can lead to tool breakage in the transition between the shank and the cutting part of cemented carbide end mills. The prediction of cutting forces Fc in micro-milling processes through cutting force models could potentially decrease the hazard of tool breakage. By including the cutting edge radius rv into the prediction model, additional correction factors can be avoided. Therefore, further knowledge about the applicability of those models for the micro-milling process with chip thickness h < 0.01 mm is needed. In this investigation, the cutting force model of KOTSCHENREUTHER [1], which takes the cutting edge radius rv into account is used for the cutting force prediction in micro-milling. In order to validate this model, an innovative lead free copper alloy CuZn21Si3P is machined. Cemented carbide micro-milling tools with tool diameter D = 1 mm were used. The manufacturing of different cutting edge radii rv was realised with the immersed tumbling process. During milling experiments with a five-axis high precision machine tool the cutting forces Fc were measured. Cutting forces in a range of 6 N < Fc < 26 N were detected. The results show good correlations between the predicted and experimental determined cutting forces Fc. Furthermore, the measured cutting edge radii rv show a high influence on the deviation of the measured and predicted cutting forces Fc.
  • Publication
    Application of laser surface nanotexturing for the reduction of peri-implantitis on biomedical grade 5 Ti-6Al-4V dental abutments
    ( 2019)
    Uhlmann, E.
    ;
    Schweitzer, L.
    ;
    Cunha, A.
    ;
    Polte, J.
    ;
    Huth-Herms, K.
    ;
    Kieburg, H.
    ;
    Hesse, B.
    The annual revenue of dental implants is estimated on 33 billion USD in 2019 and the efforts to keep the teeth functionality and aesthetics is continuously growing over the years. However, loosening of dental implants induced by infection is still a critical and common problem worldwide. In this scenario, the development of new implant manufacturing strategies is of utmost importance. Every surface exposed in the oral cavity, both the tooth and the implant surface, are covered by a layer of salivary proteins, the so-called pellicle. The initial formation of a pellicle is followed by the attachment of bacterial cells onto it. Well-developed biofilms on dental implant surfaces become the main source of pathogenic microbes causing Peri-Implantitis, which is one of the main causes of dental implant failure. The surface topography and chemical composition of an implant are key factors in controlling surface wettability, which directly affects the formation of the biological films. In this sense, ultrafast laser surface nanotexturing rises as a promising advanced technology for controlling implant surface biological properties. Laser-processing parameters such as laser wavelength l, fluence F and number of pulses N are essential for surface texturing. Thus, this paper presents promising results on the influence of different laser induced periodic surface structures (LIPSS) on the composition of the pellicle and the biofilm formation on biomedical grade 5 Ti-6Al-4V dental abutments. Moreover, a biofilm reactor was built and adapted to assess the effect of the LIPSS on the biofilm formation.