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The effect of nitrogen concentration on quantum sensing with nitrogen-vacancy centres

: Capelli, Marco; Abe, Hiroshi; Ohshima, Takeshi; Johnson, Brett C.; Simpson, David A.; Jeske, Jan; Greentree, Andrew D.; Reineck, P.; Gibson, Brant C.


Goldys, E.M. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
Biophotonics Australasia 2019 : 9-12 December 2019, Melbourne, Australia
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2019 (Proceedings of SPIE 11202)
ISBN: 978-1-5106-3145-8
ISBN: 978-1-5106-3144-1
Paper 112021O, 3 S.
Conference "Biophotonics Australasia" <2019, Melbourne>
Fraunhofer IAF ()
nitrogen-vacancy centre; magnetometry; diamond; P1 centre

The nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centre in diamond is a perfect candidate for quantum sensing applications applied to numerous fields of science. Past studies improved the sensitivity of diamonds containing NV centres by increasing their density or prolonging their coherence time. However, few studies discussed the effects of other defects inside the diamond crystal on the sensitivity of the NV centres. In this study, we demonstrated the implication of single substitutional nitrogen defects on the fluorescence emission, charge state stability, coherence time and sensitivity of the NV centres. We found that there is an optimal concentration of nitrogen defects that allows diamond samples to have a high-density of NV centres and high fluorescence without significantly affecting the coherence time. This results will inform the correct choice of diamond characteristics for current and future quantum sensing applications with the NV centres.