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Three-dimensional time domain modeling of ultrasonic wave propagation in concrete in explicit consideration of aggregates and porosity

: Schubert, F.; Köhler, B.

Journal of computational acoustics 9 (2001), No.4, pp.1543-1560
ISSN: 0218-396X
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IZFP ()
concrete; porosity; ultrasonic wave propagation

Concrete as strongly heterogeneous and high-packed composite material represents a very important but also very difficult object for ultrasonic non-destructive testing (NDT). Due to the high scatterer density, ultrasonic wave propagation in this material consists of a complex mixture of multiple scattering mode conversion and diffusive energy transport. In order to obtain a better understanding of the effect of aggregates and porosity on elastic wave propagation in concrete and to optimize imaging techniques, e. g. synthtic aperture focusing technique (SAFT), it is useful to model the wave propagation and scattering process explicity in the time domain. In this paper, three-dimensional EFIT-Code (EFIT: Elastic Finite Integration Technique) with periodic boundary conditions is used to model attenuation and dispersion of a plane longitudinal wave propagating in a synthetic three-dimensional concrete plate. Systematic parameter studies are carried out in order to demonstrate the effect of porosity and that of different aggregates. Finally, the simulation results are compared with former plane strain simulations, revealing significant differences in attenuation and signal-to noise ratio between the two-dimensional and the more realistic three-dimensional case.