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Exoskeletons towards industrie 4.0: Benefits and challenges of the IoT communication architecture

: Bances Purizaca, Nelson Enrique; Schneider, Urs; Siegert, Jörg; Bauernhansl, Thomas

Fulltext ()

Procedia manufacturing 42 (2020), pp.49-56
ISSN: 2351-9789
International Conference on Industry 4.0 and Smart Manufacturing (ISM) <2019, Rende>
Journal Article, Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IPA ()
Big Data; Cloud Computing; Cyber-Physisches System (CPS); Exoskelett; Fog Computing; Industrie 4.0; Internet der Dinge

The volatility and flexibility of a production line in a smart factory demands for high dynamics during the assembly tasks and repetitive movements in an un-ergonomic body posture. Hence, the workers are exposed to the danger of developing work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Previous studies have reported that exoskeletons help to reduce fatigue and prevent injuries during lifting, carrying, pushing, pulling, and overhead-positions tasks, improving productivity in manufacturing industry. However, no studies have reported the advantages of digital integration of an exoskeletons network in a smart factory. This paper gives an overview of benefits and challenges regarding the connectivity of exoskeletons within a smart factory. Moreover, it describes the communication architecture of a cyber-physical exoskeleton network. Finally, an experimental test of fog computing structure was conducted based on IoT messaging protocols, allowing real-time data analytics for benefits of the manufacturing process.