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A general method to evaluate the thermal impact of complex fenestration systems in building zones

: Bueno, B.; Cejudo-Lopez, J.M.; Kuhn, T.E.


Energy and buildings 155 (2017), pp.43-53
ISSN: 0378-7788
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ISE ()

This paper presents a method to evaluate the thermal impact of complex fenestration systems on the energy balance of a building zone based on directional solar heat gain coefficients (DSHGC) and bi-directional scattering distribution functions (BSDF). The proposed methodology is presented as an alternative to layer-by-layer heat transfer models. An example of a layer-by-layer heat transfer model is the ISO15099 as implemented in the EnergyPlus building simulation program. The ISO15099 model relies on a number of assumptions that are not justified in the case of three-dimensional structures, air-permeable layers and deviations from ideal geometries, which are common features in commercial daylighting and solar-control systems. In this paper, the proposed methodology is implemented in the Fener simulation engine and compared with EnergyPlus for systems for which the assumptions of the ISO15099 model are valid. Then, the Fener program is used to simulate the thermal behaviour of a zone with a fenestration system that contains sawtooth-shaped retro-reflecting interior blinds, which cannot be directly modelled with the ISO15099 model. The impact of different control strategies on the thermal performance of the zone is demonstrated for this case study.