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New technique for needle-less implantation of eukaryotic cells

: Arenas da Silva, Luis Fernando; Schober, Lena; Sloff, Marije; Traube, Andrea; Hart, Melanie L.; Feitz, Wout F.J.; Stenzl, Arnulf


Cytotherapy 17 (2015), No.11, pp.1655-1661
ISSN: 1465-3249
ISSN: 1365-182X
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IPA ()
Medizintechnik; Zellproduktion; Therapie; I-DOT

Background aims:
On review of the use of stem cells in the literature, promissory outcomes for functional organ recovery in many subspecialties in medicine underscore its therapeutic potential. The application of stem cells through the use of a needle can result in additional scar formation, which is undesired for delicate organs. The present work describes the use of a needle-less stem cell injector with the Immediate Drop on Demand Technology (I-DOT) for cell injection in vitro.
Mesenchymal stromal cells from human bone marrow were labeled with ethynyl-deoxyuridine (EdU) for 2 days and then were re-suspended. With the use of I-DOT, the cells were applied to type 1 collagen matrices or pig bladder tissue specimens with or without mucosa at different levels of energy. The collagen matrices were analyzed after 4 h and 5 days; bladder tissue specimens were analyzed 4 h after cell implantation. A 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide test (MTT) assay was performed immediately after cell application to the collagen matrices. Histological analysis with the use of frozen sections and immunofluorescence was used to localize EdU-labeled cells.
A considerable number of cells were detected by use of the MTT assay for collagen matrices. In the collagen matrix, the mean measured depth immediately after application ranged between 210 µm and 489 µm, 220 µm and 270 µm for entire bladder specimens, and 230 µm and 370 µm for bladder without mucosa. Cells survived for up to 5 days in the collagen matrix in both bladder specimens.
Cells can survive during I-DOT application, which suggests that the I-DOT device may be a potentially suitable technology for needle-less cell application onto tissues.