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Ressource-efficient hot sheet metal forming by innovative die cooling with laser beam melted tooling components

Ressourceneffiziente Blechwarmumformung durch innovative Werkzeugkühlung mit laserstrahlgeschmolzenen Werkzeugeinsätzen
: Müller, Bernhard; Gebauer, Mathias; Polster, Stefan; Neugebauer, Reimund; Malek, Roland; Kotzian, Mathias; Hund, Ralf


Silva Bartolo, P.J. da:
High Value Manufacturing. Advanced Research Virtual Rapid Prototyping : Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Advanced Research in Virtual and Rapid Prototyping, Leiria, Portugal, 1-5 October 2013
London: Taylor & Francis, 2014
ISBN: 978-1-138-00137-4 (Print)
ISBN: 978-1-315-81741-5 (eBook)
International Conference on Advanced Research in Virtual and Rapid Prototyping (VR@P) <6, 2013, Leiria/Portugal>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IWU ()
Laserstrahlschmelzen; Werkzeugbau; Umformtechnik; konturnahe Kühlung; Presshärten; Warmumformung; laser beam melting; selective laser melting; tooling; metal forming; conformal cooling; press hardening; hot forming

Additive manufacturing for tooling applications has seen a new boost with emergence of laser beam melting, a technology being capable of layer manufacturing completely dense parts and tool inserts in standard high-alloyed tool steel. Moulding applications have been the first in making use of the advantageous conformal cooling, e. g. in plastic injection moulding and aluminium high pressure die casting.
Forming dies as another potential application for layer manufactured tooling have been scarcely addressed so far. The potential of additive manufacturing for added value in tooling applications has now been investigated for sheet metal forming processes.
The paper presents results of a research project to apply laser beam melting to manufacture tooling for the hot sheet metal forming process of press hardening. The paper describes the shortcomings of current cooling channels in press hardening tools and the resulting waste of energy and unsatisfactory cooling effect in critical areas with insufficient target temp achievement and heat dissipation. The paper shows how an innovative cooling system has been implemented in the die through laser beam melted die inserts. Cooling of specific die areas has been realized by placing specially designed cooling channels very close to the die cavity, targeting shorter cycle times, improved mechanical properties of press hardened parts manufactured in the die and a reduction of energy consumption for cooling and idle times of forming presses. The paper presents the achieved results.