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The diffuse sound field in energetic analysis

: Galdo, G. del; Taseska, M.; Thiergart, O.; Ahonen, J.; Pulkki, V.


Journal of the Acoustical Society of America : JASA 131 (2012), No.3, pp.2141-2151
ISSN: 0001-4966
ISSN: 1520-8524
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IIS ()

Measuring the degree of diffuseness of a sound field is crucial in many modern parametric spatial audio techniques. In these applications, intensity-based diffuseness estimators are particularly convenient, as the sound intensity can also be used to obtain, e.g., the direction of arrival of the sound. This contribution reviews different diffuseness estimators comparing them under the conditions found in practice, i.e., with arrays of noisy microphones and with the expectation operators substituted by finite temporal averages. The estimators show a similar performance, however, each with specific advantages and disadvantages depending on the scenario. Furthermore, the paper derives an estimator and highlights the possibility of using spatial averaging to improve the temporal resolution of the estimates.